Types of Injuries Sustained in Car Accidents

Being involved in a car wreck does not necessarily mean you will sustain serious injury. There are many factors that come into play when it comes to the mechanics of injury in car accidents including speed, type of impact, size of the vehicles, position of the person within the vehicle, and general physical condition of the individual. There have been instances when people have walked away from a horrific car crash without a scratch, and others where a relatively minor fender bender resulted in a serious injury. In general, however, the following types of physical injuries are commonly sustained in car accidents.

Neck and head injuries

Car accidents usually involve some form of forceful deceleration (sudden stop), and the head is particularly vulnerable to what is termed acceleration-deceleration injuries, where the head is snapped forward and then back in rapid succession. This can cause the brain to get injured from impact with the inside of the skull.  At the same time, the neck can also sustain anywhere from a mild sprain to disc injury. These types of injuries can occur even with the most minor of car accidents under certain circumstances, and may not be immediately apparent as there are no outward signs of injury.

Back injuries

Many types of back injuries may occur from the impact of a car accident, ranging from a mild sprain to spine damage, depending on the amount of force exerted on the body. Back injuries may not be immediately apparent as well, but it has long-term consequences that may eventually lead to significant discomfort and pain.

Contusions and lacerations

Ironically, many car accident injuries may not be due to the impact itself, but the force of the airbag deploying inappropriately, causing a broken nose or worse. A car crash may also cause a driver to hit the steering wheel or passengers to hit the dashboard or window, resulting in mild to serious bumps, bruises and cuts. Another common injury is called seatbelt syndrome, where the restraining action of the device can cause bruises to the chest and abdomen.

If you have sustained any of these injuries serious enough to require significant medical attention, you could in for an extensive, and expensive, experience. If the car accident was caused by negligence, you may need to sue for compensation. Contact a competent personal injury lawyer in your area for more information.

Different Types of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive motor disorder, and is considered the most common condition of its kind to afflict children. It is characterized by difficulty in controlling movements and maintaining posture, the degree of disability depending on the severity of the condition. It is believed that the disorder is due to abnormal development or damage to the brain, although no one really knows for certain. Some believe that many cases are due to inadequate prenatal care; others believe it is due to birth injuries sustained during a difficult labor or medical malpractice.

There are several ways to classify cerebral palsy. This includes according to severity and area affected. As mentioned earlier, the afflicted individual’s ability to function depends on the severity of the condition. People with mild cerebral palsy may simply seem a little awkward but needs no special care, equipment, or assistance to function. Other types of cerebral palsy according to severity are:

  • Moderate – will require some special equipment such as braces to get around, and may be on lifelong medication to control movement, but is generally functional
  • Severe – very limited mobility, may require a wheelchair, and assistance in accomplishing daily activities
  • No CP – this can be confusing, but refers to cases where the condition was acquired after the brain had developed, so it is classified based on causation, such as physical trauma or postnatal infection.

Cerebral palsy may also be classified according to how the body is affected and what area. Paresis means weakened, and plegia/plegic means paralyzed, so monoparesis/monoplegia means weakness/paralysis to only one limb, while hemiplegia/hemiparesis means the arm and leg of one side is affected. Other types include:

  • Diplegia/diparesis – both legs
  • Paraplegia/paraparesis –  lower half of the body, including legs
  • Triplegia/triparesis – three limbs are affected, such as both arms and a leg
  • Double hemiplegia/double hemiparesis – all arms and legs, but one side more than the other
  • Tetraplegia/tetraparesis – all arms and legs, but three more than the fourth
  • Quadriplegia/quadriparesis – all four limbs are equally affected
  • Pentaplegia/pentaparesis – all four limbs plus neck and head paralysis

A birth injury attorney would inform you that some children would have been born without any form of palsy had they not been mishandled during delivery. While it is not always the case, there are times when cerebral palsy is the direct result of negligence by a hospital employee and that cannot be allowed.

Preventing Workplace Injuries with Pre-Employment Testing

The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US Department of Labor reports that almost 3 million non-fatal injuries (94.8%) or illnesses (5.2%) occurred in 2012, equivalent to more than 3 out of 100 full-time workers across industries in the private sector. A majority of these injuries were in the service industries. While this actually indicates a general decline from previous years, this still represents a cost of billions in days of lost work, increased premiums, work transfers, and restrictions.

Employers have a right to ensure that the individuals they are hiring are physically and psychologically able to do the work. This makes practical sense because an employee that is always sick or gets injured costs the employer money in terms of lost productivity, employee turnover, increased workers’ comp premiums, and possible litigation. This is especially true for service industry employers, where the majority of workplace injuries take place.

Aside from protecting the employer’s profit margin, preventing workplace injuries makes sense for the employee, because even though a workplace injury entitles them to claim for workers’ compensation insurance, it is never as much as they would have gotten from working a normal day. Plus, it is not good to get injured or get sick on any day, especially if it results in disability.

Fit-to-work assessments are conducted using scientific methods for measuring an individual’s capacity to do certain tasks. According to the website of WorkSTEPS, Inc., functional pre-employment testing reduces the incidence of workplace injuries by as much as 50%.  For example, a person with a back problem will aggravate the problem as well as risk permanent health damage if hired for a job that involves heavy or frequent lifting. Pre-employment testing helps in promoting a safe work environment from the employee side as well as a way to increase productivity.