Embezzlement, a Pre-meditated White-Collar Methodical Crime

Embezzlement, which is a form of white-collar crime, is committed when a person misappropriates the assets entrusted to him/her. It is often shocking to know that, despite the amounts of money that have been or continue to be embezzled, which often reach millions or billions of dollars, are never discovered until a relatively large portion of the funds are needed at one time or if a complete and independent accounting of all real and liquid assets is suddenly required.

Some of the biggest embezzlement cases in the U.S. include: the embezzlement of billions of dollars of investor money; embezzlement of employee retirement funds and billions of dollars in accounting fraud; fraud, embezzlement and ponzi scheme totaling to $8 billion; and embezzlement of $20 million of investor dollars.

Embezzlement is usually a deliberate crime that is methodically performed. By repeatedly embezzling only a small fraction or proportion of the total resources or funds and falsifying records in order to minimize risk of the detection, an embezzler can continue committing this crime for years or even decades without being detected. Some past embezzlement schemes are deemed very successful as these went on for many years before detection. This is due to the embezzler’s skill in concealing the nature of the transactions or in gaining the trust and confidence of investors or clients.

Laws on embezzlement may be federal or state-based. On the federal level, embezzlement laws target those who steal from the government. On the state level, laws go after public officials working for state and local governments, as well as people who do not work for the government.

Under federal statute 18 USC 3282, an embezzlement case may only be pursued within five years of the commission of the offense. Those convicted will be punished based on a point system. Base Offense Level, which is six, is the point assigned to those who have embezzled $5000 or less; the highest offense level is 36, which can be assigned to those who cause losses above $400 million.

According to a Wisconsin embezzlement defense attorney, though allegations of embezzlement may seriously impact your public image and career, a conviction may very well end your career once and for all. Once you have been made aware of any charges or investigations of public corruption against you, you will need to begin taking a number of precautions in order to defend your rights and protect your future from the federal prosecutors who will be trying your case.

What To Do With A Damaged Roof Gutter?

Roof gutters are vital in ensuring the integrity of your home’s structure by funneling rain water off your roof and preventing it from soaking through the surface. A roof gutter that works perfectly can help prevent common issues such as leaks, blown renderings, water damage, and mold growth. One of the most common reasons behind gutter damage is corrosion or rusting. Fortunately, this issue is minor and easy to solve on your own.

Before working on the gaps and holes caused by corrosion in your roof gutter, it’s important to prep the damaged areas by thoroughly cleaning the gutter in places where you’re going to make the repair. Make use of a spray cleaner, as well as a scrub brush, and then pat the gutter down with a rag.

Once the area is clean, you can then begin to fit a new piece of aluminum sheet or metal flashing to where the gaps and holes are in your roof gutter. Cut out a piece that is large enough to cover the damage you want to repair, but make sure you leave an extra few inches as an allowance.

Finally, after this is all done, you can then take sealant or caulking and place the metal piece over the damaged areas of the gutter, allowing it to work like patches that are used to cover tears in clothing. Make use of a generous amount of caulking. Ensure that the new patch won’t budge by coating the bottom side of the area with enough calking as well. There are many different types of caulking you can use, but most experts agree on the use of PL Polyurethane caulking.

While fixing a troublesome roof gutter is an easy enough task, not all problems involving the gutter in your roofing will be as easy to solve. In such cases, you have access to dozens upon dozens of roofing contractors to help you do the job.

Factors That Would Make a Court Disapprove Visitation Rights

In a divorce or child custody action, visitation rights refer to the approval granted by the court to the non-custodial parent in being with his or her child at times agreed upon by spouses (during their divorce process) or at times that have been determined by the courts; courts, however, prefer that visitation schedule is decided by both parents.

Once a courts approves a non-custodial parent’s visitation rights, this should be respected and observed by both the custodial and non-custodial parents. If, in case, a custodial parent denies his or her former partner the right to visit their child, then non-custodial parent gains the right to request the court for a modification in the child custody decision.

While a court has the authority to grant visitation right, it also has the authority to deny a non-custodial parents this right. Denial of this right is necessary if the non-custodial parent would only negatively impact the child’s growth and development if he or she spends time with the child. According to the law firm Marshall & Taylor PLLC, this is most likely the case if the non-custodial parent: poses immediate danger to the child due to alcohol or drug abuse; does not want to be visited by the child; has a history of domestic violence; and/or, resides in an unsafe neighborhood. On the other hand, to make sure that ‘fit’ non-custodial parents are given time with their child/children, some states have found it necessary to determine specific days when parent and child can spend bonding moments.

Some states, like Utah and Texas, for instance have determined specific times a non-custodial parent can spend with his or her child. In other states, a court may just allow divorced parents to draw a “reasonable visitation” schedule – a schedule that will actually work for both parents, considering their specific jobs and available time.

Industrial Explosions may be Partly Due to Poor Regulatory Oversight from the Government

Despite the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) having regulatory oversight over fertilizer warehouses, many fertilizer warehouses continue to store ammonium nitrate in wooden bins that are housed inside wooden buildings that do not have a sprinkler system. With this poor storage system, the huge gap between federal and state regulations on the rules on how to prevent explosions, the lack of clarity in OSHA’s standards on the operation of ammonium nitrate storage facilities as well as the laxity in the enforcement of whatever standards have been set, and volunteer firefighters’ lack of preparation for fires at chemical facilities, authorities should have seen and felt that any of these warehouses could soon be consumed by a deadly fire and explosion.

In April of 2013, that was just what happened: one warehouse caught fire, its 40 to 60 tons of stored ammonium nitrate exploding immediately after. The explosion, which registered a 2.1 magnitude on seismographs, took the lives of 14 individuals and leveled a whole neighborhood.

Because of the scorching heat and the balls of flame it releases, its thick, black smoke which can suffocate and kill, the ear-piercing loud noise it produces, its powerful shock waves that can knock down doors and walls, and smash glass doors and glass windows, an explosion can definitely cause serious injuries, among which are severe burn, fractured bones, lacerations, lung injury, loss of limb/s, traumatic brain injury (TBI), trauma or shock, or death. Explosions are extremely damaging; however, damages even become bigger and more lives placed in danger if these occur in oil rigs, manufacturing facilities or industrial factories.

Many fertilizer plants in rural America, especially those that have been in existence for decades, often get overlooked by government authorities, making the storing of large amounts of potentially combustible fertilizer a continuing threat to the lives of workers and nearby residents. Despite its threats, government regulation for fertilizer-storage facilities, compared to power plants, refineries and other larger polluters, remain to be much more lax.

The website of Williams Kherkher says that, despite being relatively rare, industrial explosions are very dangerous occupational hazards faced by workers. Besides the serious physical injuries these can cause, these also leave majority of victims struggling with substantial medical bills that they may not be able to pay.

Rules of Owning Gun Suppressors

Known to have been invented as early as the 1900s, gun suppressors or silencers have a staple for many gun owners and shooting enthusiasts all around the world. In the United States, gun suppressors are considered “silencers” and are under the regulatory monitoring of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (BATFE) according to federal laws. Despite the openness of the sale and use of gun suppressors, there are still criticisms regarding the possession and use of these silencers, especially when it comes to civilian use.

Gun suppressors or silencers are typically composed of metal cylinders containing internal structures made to reduce the noise of firing through the shuffling of the escaping gas and can even raise the speed of the exiting bullet. Gun suppressors can either be devices that are affixed to or a part of the gun’s barrel in order to reduce the amount of audible noise and visible muzzle flash created by the firing. There are significant differences in sizes and effectiveness of gun suppressors. Aside from the primary advantages, gun suppressors can also lower recoil by slowing the propellant gasses. The suppressor’s weight and where it’s positioned on the muzzle can greatly influence the recoil reduction.

For those who wish to spend more money and not trouble themselves with attaching and removing the gun suppressors, there are integral suppressor products from Zion Armament. These types of suppressors are built as part of the firearm and are generally permanent, with some types allowing disassembly for maintenance purposes. Often, the barrel are ported at several areas to allow the propellant gasses channeled off the firearm’s barrel and dampened inside the body. There are even those that can slow down the velocity of the bullet. Because of majority of permanent integral suppressor products from Suppressed Weapons Systems can only be replaced by changing the barrel, they are often restricted for special uses.

Gun suppressors are legal in 41 states in the US, but only for lawful use and purposes. Because possession and use of gun suppressors are under federal laws, severe penalties are often given for crimes and violence from firearms that are equipped with silencers, with 30 years being the minimum prison sentence. This makes the requirements for possession and use of gun suppressors very strict and often bans civilians from owning them.